“Many youths share my dream”

Hur är det att vara ung i dagens Malawi? Och hur är det att vilja förändra systemet för markrättigheter? Låt oss presentera en ung Malawier, tänkt att blogga och ge oss en inblick i hur det kan vara.

Luis är tjugosex år gammal och född och uppvuxen i Malawi. Han drömmer om att få ett jobb. Om att kunna försörja en familj. Att kunna åka på semester. Han är privilegierad på det sättet att han har kunnat utbilda sig, men trots detta är det svårt att ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden. Han har studerat ”Land Economy”, och lyfter i sin text fram ett antal saker; hopplösheten som han och många unga med honom känner, bristerna i stadsplaneringen i Lilongwe, samt komplexiteten i de frågor som rör markrättigheter. Ett flertal system för markägande existerar sida vid sida, markägarna är många, och det råder stor brist på samordning mellan de aktörer som är ytterst ansvariga för dessa frågor. Utöver detta så går stor potential till spillo när unga, utbildade människor inte ges en chans att komma in på arbetsmarknaden. Kanske hade situationen för de många människor som lever i Lilongwes bosättningar sett annorlunda ut om så inte hade varit fallet.

“I am Louis Ndalama, a holder of a Bsc. in Land Economy from the University of Malawi. I will now convey to you the misery in my profession, which is an eyesore to the graduate citizenry behind the lenses of the field of Land Management in Malawi. In this part of the world the motto is ‘Learn to get a Job’. With an unemployment rate rumored to be at 80%, chances of getting this job further diminish with every year as thousands continue to graduate and 7000 more enroll within the tertiary system.

Many youths share my dream of a dawn to practical youth empowerment and associated policies that will see new innovation trickle down to society as ideas from the young graduate entrepreneurs get positive recognition. This points to acute human resource wastage in our education and training system given the current government human resource development strategies.

It is obvious that all the institutions responsible for land management face major challenges due to lack of qualified human resource. Urbanization combined with other effects of rapid population increase also continues to put pressure on land and related resources. This has led to another proliferating problem, encroachment. With the high illiteracy levels and the majority of the population being the marginalized poor who lack knowledge of the Land Acquisition Act and its technicalities, the privileged few continue to part away with acres of traditional land by paying the locals whatever peanuts they can bid their way in. At the helm of the chaos are local women whom society gives little or no say on land issues in these parts of the world.

In the Capital City, Lilongwe; The Lilongwe City Council has failed to keep pace with urbanization and rapid population growth. Currently the City Council faces pressing land and housing problems. The main actors namely; Ministry of Lands, Lilongwe City Assembly, and Malawi Housing Corporation have failed to meet the ever growing demand to secure legal rights and obligations governing the holding, acquisition, use, and disposal of land. Furthermore, there are no government programs relevant to urban residents living in the informal sector who have low incomes and are unable to apply for loans to help them register their land. This could have been important, as it is the only way that can improve the present utilization of land and provide legal instruments through which land reforms can be started and assisted. All of this will be practical if the necessary authorities have enough qualified human resource to carry out reforms. However, it has been four years ever since government recruited qualified personnel to fill the available vacant posts.”

2016-03-23 08.08.13

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